Ministry of Energy – Responsible for formulation and articulation of energy policies through which it provides an enabling environment for all stakeholders. Its tasks include national energy planning, training of manpower and mobilisation of financial resources.
Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) – Responsible for economic and technical regulation of electric power, renewable energy, and downstream petroleum sub-sectors. Its functions also include tariff setting, review, licensing, enforcement, dispute settlement and approval of power purchase and network service contracts.
Energy Tribunal – A quasi-judicial body set up to hear appeals against the decisions of ERC. It also has jurisdiction to hear and determine all matters referred to it relating to the energy sector.
The Kenya Power Limited A State Corporation with 50.1% government shareholding and 49.9% private shareholding. It purchases electrical energy in bulk and carries out transmission, distribution, supply and retail of electric power.
Kenya Electricity Generating Company Limited – A State Corporation with 70% government shareholding 70% and 30% private shareholding. It is responsible for electric power generation and produces the bulk of electricity consumed in the country. The company utilises various sources to generate electricity ranging from hydro, geothermal, thermal to wind.
Rural Electrification Authority – Established with the principal mandate of extending electricity supply to rural areas, managing the rural electrification fund, mobilizing resources for rural electrification and promoting the development and use of renewable energy.
Geothermal Development Company Limited – A state-owned company established by the as a Special Purpose Vehicle for the development of geothermal resources in Kenya.
Kenya Electricity Transmission Company Limited A state-owned company established to be responsible for the development of the national transmission grid network and for facilitating regional power trade through its transmission network.
Independent Power Producers – Private companies which generate power and sell electricity in bulk to Kenya Power. As at 2011, they accounted for about 26% of the country’s installed capacity.